Child Dentistry

Paediatric dentistry is a dental specialty that concentrates its attention on infants and children, providing preventive and therapeutic oral health care. During the “growth” phase of a child, special approaches are needed to guide dental growth and development in order to avoid future dental problems. A common question that parents ask is, "Why spend on the maintenance of milk teeth when they are to be finally replaced by permanent ones?”

Milk Teeth are as Important as permanent ones because

  • Baby teeth are important for proper feeding and nutrition.
  • Milk teeth serve as space maintainers for the proper spacing and alignment of the permanent teeth.
  • Healthy milk teeth are crucial in helping the baby learn how to speak properly.


If your child has a cavity in a baby tooth, it means bad oral bacteria are eating away at the tooth structure and causing decay. To stop the decay process, a dentist will use a small drill to remove the infected area and seal the hole with filling material. There are several types of fillings a dentist can use, depending on the extent of the decay. A dentist will let you know their recommendation regarding which material is best for your child’s situation. Once applied, the filling will help rebuild your child’s tooth structure so it can function normally and help prevent further decay. Ideally, your child should see the dentist at least twice a year, and during that appointment, the dentist will examine your child’s mouth and take x-rays to see if your child has any cavities. Between appointments, if your child shows any of the following symptoms, they may have a cavity and need a tooth filled.

  • • Visible black or gray decay
  • • Worn-out or broken enamel
  • • Broken enamel
  • • Pain in a tooth
  • • Sensitivity to hot or cold

To maintain fillings, you should follow good oral hygiene—visiting your dentist regularly for cleanings, brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing, and using an antibacterial mouthwash at least once daily.

If your child has any of those symptoms, make them an appointment to see the dentist. While waiting for the appointment, you can try to minimize the pain with ice packs, salt water rinses, teething gels, and over-the-counter painkillers approved for use with children.

When do Children need Tooth Fillings?

Children need a tooth filling anytime they have a cavity. This can happen in your child’s first tooth as well as in any of their other baby teeth. Many children also get cavities in their adult teeth. The first adult teeth to erupt are usually the six-year molars, which can be challenging to brush as they are in the back of the mouth. Additionally, some children or teens may even need fillings while they are in the midst of getting orthodontic treatment, but luckily, the dentist can usually work around the fillings.

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