Space Maintenance

Preventive procedures are done in anticipation of the development of a problem. If a child loses his milk teeth before the time of their natural fall due to decay or accident, then it becomes mandatory to maintain this space of fallen teeth; otherwise, adjacent teeth tend to occupy this space, and a natural tooth that is developing under this space will not be able to erupt in this space. So it will keep lying inside the bone or come out from some other direction.

Preventive procedures are done in advance to prevent dental problems that may develop in the future.

Types of Space Maintenance

There are two types of space maintainers for children: removable and fixed.

Many options are available for tooth fillings, and all of them have their pros and cons. Types of tooth fillings include:

  • (a) Removable –Removable space maintainers are similar to orthodontic appliances and are usually made of acrylic. In some cases, an artificial tooth may be used to fill a space that must remain open for the unerupted tooth
  • (b) Fixed There are four different kinds of fixed space maintainers: unilateral, bilateral, etc


There are two types of space maintainers for children: removable and fixed.

There are four general rules for taking care of your child’s appliances.

  • Your child should avoid sticky foods, including candy and chewing gum.
  • Encourage your child not to push or tug on the space maintainer with the fingers or tongue.
  • Keep your child’s space maintained clean through effective brushing and flossing.
  • Your child should continue to see the pediatric dentist for regular dental visits.


  • Oral Hygiene: To maintain oral hygiene, brush twice a day with fluoridated tooth paste.
  • Diet Avoid: snacks like pizza, burgers, pastries, colas, etc., as due to them, teeth are more exposed to sugars, hence acid attack leading to tooth decay. Consume more cheese, nuts, and raw vegetables. Consume more of cheese, nuts and raw vegetable.
  • Fluoride treatment By this treatment, teeth become more resistant to acid attack, thereby preventing cavity formation in the teeth.
  • Pit and fissure sealants : A coating of a plastic-like material (composite) is done on teeth so that they don't come into direct contact with acid, thereby preventing tooth decay.


Indications of Full Mouth Rehabilitation:

  • When all the Teeth are Present in the Mouth
    When teeth become worn out or their height decreases, all the teeth require capping so as to regain their original height and hence improve their facial appearance and proper chewing function.
  • When a Few Teeth are Missing
    If a few teeth are missing, then we replace them with implants or bridges, and all other teeth present in the mouth are capped in a symmetrical manner.
  • When all Teeth are Missing in the Mouth
    Then we put in full-mouth implants to replace all the missing teeth.

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